Whether you are boarding a commercial aircraft or flying your own small airplane, you trust that all of the parts of the plane are in good working order. Aircraft parts are designed to withstand tremendous amounts of pressure, high stress loads and variances in temperature. When all of the parts are not working together, however, it could be recipe for disaster. Aircraft collisions and crashes could be due to airplane defects or design wear and tear in different parts of the plane. These include:
- Navigation system
- Rudder and stabilizers
- Wing and propeller components
- Engine, controls and fuel tank
- Landing gear, brake system and wheels
Regular inspections of aircraft are critical to ensure everything is in good working order before and after take-off. Inspections are the responsibility of ground maintenance crews, pilots, mechanics, maintainers and manufacturers, according to the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association. There are different routine schedules, depending on the type of plane and what it is used for. For example, general aviation aircrafts require an inspection annually. Aircrafts that carry people, other than a crew member, or are giving flight instruction must be inspected once every 100 hours of flight time.
Other aircraft systems must be inspected at different times. For instance, the static system, automatic altitude reporting system and altimeter must be tested every 24 months, as well as the transponders. The emergency locater transmitter, on the other hand, must be inspected every 12 months. Flight safety is of the utmost importance when aircraft is concerned.
This information is intended to educate and should not be taken as legal advice.